Learned helplessness experiment
Learners of helplessness were first discovered by Overmere and Siligman, and later widely explored in animal and human research.
To keep things simple, many experiments have shown that dogs can cross barriers or tighten other behaviors to avoid electric shocks from experimenters.
However, if the dogs had previously suffered an unexpected (unknown when) and uncontrollable electric shock (such as the interruption of the electric shock did not depend on the dog’s behavior), they also became powerless to escape when the dog later had a chance to escape the electric shock.
Furthermore, dogs show other deficiencies, such as feeling frustrated and depressed, reduced initiative, and so on.
The dog showed this condition because it learned a sense of helplessness early in the experiment.
That is, they realize that no matter what they do, they cannot control the termination of the shock.
In each experiment, the termination of the shock was under the control of the experimenter, and the dog realized that it was not capable of changing this external control, and thus learned a sense of helplessness.
If a person has acquired helplessness, it becomes a deep despair and sorrow.
Therefore, we should broaden our eyes a bit in learning and life, see the real determinants behind the incident, and don’t let us surround ourselves with despair.